Want to start swimming? Here’s the beginner lap swimmer’s guide to everything you need to know about getting in shape and having fun at the lap pool.
Looks kinda boring, doesn’t it?
But for those of us who have spent years and countless meters and yards toiling around the black line, we know different.
Swimming is a fantastic activity/sport that comes with a metric heap of benefits. It’s low impact, an excellent form of cardio, and a way to build muscle across your whole body.
Crushing the laps can be done alone, with a friend, or you can train and compete with a club or team.
But where to start with lap swimming?
Below are some key things to consider as you lace up your swim-suit and goggles and head on down to the lap pool.
- The kind of swim equipment you are going to need for lap swimming
- How to build a routine that is sustainable and keeps you motivated
- Some lap swimming terminology to give you a glimpse of the language of the sport
So let’s get after it!
The Beginner’s Guide to Lap Swimming Gear
You don’t need much gear for getting started with swimming.
Yup, are gonna need a swim-suit!
You might be tempted to wear a bikini or board-shorts for lap swimming, but you will notice that with board shorts it will feel like you are swimming with a small child on your back, and most beach swimwear doesn’t keep things, umm, tucked in while you are churning up and down the pool.
Picking out the right swim-suit means comfort and durability. Look for training suits that are made of polyester. Pool chemicals tend to be harsh on most fabrics, but polyester is one of the few materials that can take a chlorinated beating.
For women, there is a variety of fits, sizes, and backs. There are some decent two-piece training suits as well.
For men who aren’t quite ready to don the “Speedo”—aka swim briefs—there are plenty of other types of suits, from a square-cut to jammers, which provide the same amount of coverage as a pair of bicycle shorts. You can check out some of my favorite lap swimming suits for men here.
Goggles help you see what’s happening around you in the pool. Things like other swimmers, the wall, backstroke flags, the pace clock. All easier to see when you strap a pair of swim goggles on your melon.
For those of you lucky enough to be swimming outdoors, they also provide protection against the sun (look for mirrored tinted goggles—protect your eyes and they look badass, too).
There are a few different options for the best swimming goggles, but one of my favorites for beginners (and more experienced swimmers) are the Speedo Vanquishers. Made with silicone straps, rubberized gasket that sits softly and securely on your face, and available with a prescription, for junior swimmers, and in a multitude of colors and tints.
Swimming caps are a slightly misunderstood piece of swim apparel. They don’t keep your hair dry, can feel like your head is getting popped like a pimple, and some caps, when you take them off, will catch and grab your hair, making it feel like someone is ripping your hair by the ends.
Well, for starters, a swim cap will protect your hair from chlorine and harsh pool chemicals. It will keep your hair out of the pool and out of the gutter/other swimmer’s faces. And for you swimmers with long hair, a cap will keep your hair out of your face.
There are the bare essentials.
There’s other stuff too:
- Pull buoy: A foam floatation device that you place between your legs to target your upper body. Pull buoys give your hips added buoyancy, straighten your body position, and can actually feel *easier* than regular swimming because you aren’t getting gassed out from kicking.
- Kick-board: A foam board that you rest your arms on to isolate the kicking motion. There’s a variety of different type of kick-boards to choose from, but they all generally perform the same function.
- Hand paddles: Typically used with a pull buoy, swim training paddles increase the surface area of your hand, placing added stress on the shoulders, lats, and forearms. Best used in moderation.
Building a Swim Routine that Lasts
Okay, so you have got yourself a swim-suit, goggles, and a swim cap. You head down to the pool, find a speed-appropriate lane, hop in, and start dummying laps like they stole your lunch money.
Not so fast, cowboy.
Here are some pointers and thoughts on how to make that sweet new lap swimming routine sustainable.
Mix up your strokes to keep your shoulders happy. Swimming, particularly the overhead arm rotations, is an unnatural movement for humans. Alternate freestyle (front crawl) with backstroke and breaststroke during your time in the water to give your shoulders a mix of stress and stimulus. Swimmer’s shoulder is no joke, and is prevalent even in highly trained swimmers.
Warm-up and warm-down. Swimming, even though it is in water, is still a load-bearing exercise. Especially them over-head movements we just talked about. Make sure to warm-up properly with lots of arm swings on dryland, and ease into your swim workout, steadily turning up the intensity. Warming down helps kick-start recovery and allows you to come down physically and mentally after your training session.
Use intervals. Intervals never get old. I’ve been swimming for 30-years and still structure my swim practices around them. Instead of going to the pool and cranking out 1,500-meters straight, and watching your technique disintegrate like a paper mache swimsuit, break your workout into 15×100-meters. You will hold a faster overall pace, and more importantly, your technique will stay together longer.
Tip: Use rest periods instead of strict time intervals for your reps. (Check out these three comprehensive swimming workouts for beginners, including suggested rest periods and training tips.)
Crank up the volume slowly. I mentioned it earlier, but it bears worth repeating: the goal with your new lap swimming routine is sustainable progress. I can totally understand the instinct to go full-blast on week one. Temper that urge and slowly increase the volume and intensity of your lap swimming. A handy rule is to not increase work by more than 5-10% during those first few weeks.
Reflect and evaluate your training. I am a life-long log-booker of my swim practices. I find it therapeutic to reflect and evaluate on my training sessions after I get out of the water. I have a place to recognize my successes, acknowledge areas of improvement, and see how much I have progressed. Using a training log also allows you to chart future training so that you are constantly working towards getting better and faster.
Speed isn’t everything. I know, the way we measure ourselves up against other swimmers in the water is on the clock. It’s a clear indicator of who the faster swimmer is. But lap swimming isn’t just about swimming fast, it’s about enjoying the process of swimming well. Don’t worry about swimming “slow”—it’s actually much harder to swim deliberately slow than it is to swim “hard.” Swimming is a sport that exponentially rewards deliberate effort and efficiency. Just cause you aren’t the fastest swimmer in the pool doesn’t mean you can’t be technically awesome.
The Language of Lap Swimming
Like most sports, swimming has its own language and shorthand.
As you build up the meters/yards, you will start to hear a whole lot of terms and phrases that on the surface (swim pun!) don’t make a lot of sense!
Descending effort? On the top? Negative split? Huh?
Here are a handful of the essentials for lap swimmers:
Circle swimming: In order to accommodate multiple swimmers, everyone will swim up one side of the lane, and back the other side of the lane. You know that black line at the bottom of the lane? Swim around that. Avoid swimming up and down the black line when other swimmers are in the lane, lest you feel hungry for a swimmer-on-swimmer collision.
Splitting the lane: When two lap swimmers agree that they will swim up and down their respective side of the lane. If a third person arrives and wants to share the lane, everyone in the lane reverts to circle swimming.
Long course pool: You know those big-ass pools Olympians race in? Those are 50-meters long. They are the standard length for the high-level swim meets, including the Olympics and World Championships.
Short course yards: Most pools in the United States are in short-course yards (25 yards in length).
Short course meters: Some pools in the United States (not many), and almost all short course pools elsewhere in the world have short course pools that are measured in meters.
Pace clock: Sometime it’s analog, sometimes it’s digital, in both cases, it sits pool-side, quietly running through the seconds and minutes and judging you. Although many lap swimmers (particularly triathletes) use Garmins or other multisport watches to track their times and send-offs, learning to use the pace clock is a skill every lap swimmer should eventually acquire.
Lap swimming etiquette: Just like your local freeway, lap swimming pools have rules and guidelines to follow. Lanes are generally assigned by speed (Fast, Moderate, Leisure, etc), and rules are almost always posted somewhere visible. Take a moment to familiarize yourself with them. Share the lane, be courteous when passing (or being passed), and please don’t pee in the pool. (Here is more on lap swimming etiquette.)
Have Fun and Come Back Tomorrow
Lap swimming, whether for a break from the modern world, or for exercise, or to rekindle that competitive instinct in competitions, is an intensely rewarding activity.
Swimming has given me so much more than broad shoulders and a voracious appetite. It’s my daily source of meditation. It’s a place where I can go and be alone with my thoughts, my breath, and my soul (I know, tacky—so sue me).
So welcome to this most amazing and satisfying of activities.
Set goals. Work at incremental improvement. Enjoy the process of improvement.
See you at the pool : )